< Protease

   Emergence

Assembly and Budding

HIV BuddingFinally, viral RNA and associated proteins are packaged and released from the lymphocyte surface, taking with them a swatch of lymphocyte membrane containing viral surface proteins. These proteins will then bind to the receptors on other immune cells facilitating continued infection.

Budding viruses are often exactly like the original particle that initially infected the host. In the case of HIV, however, the resulting viruses exhibit a range of variations which makes treatment difficult.

 

 

Steps from Attachment through Release

1. ATTACHMENT
Getting in

2. REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION 
From viral RNA to DNA

3. INTEGRATION, TRANSCRIPTION 
a. Viral DNA joins host DNA
b. Making multiple viral RNAs

4. TRANSLATION 
Producing viral proteins

5. VIRAL PROTEASE 
Cleaving viral proteins

6. ASSEMBLY & BUDDING 
Getting out