Cellular Glossary

U

V

Vaccine A substance that stimulates a remembered adaptive immune response that can prevent a disease from occurring.

Vacuole A membrane-bound fluid filled organelle of eukaryote cells that may contain nutrient or waste materials.

Virion A complete virus outside of the host cell that has the genetic material (DNA or RNA) contained in a protein shell (capsid).

 

 

Virus An infective agent consisting of a genetic core (DNA or RNA) with a protein shell that can only reproduce within a living host cell.

 

W

White Blood Cell (leukocyte) A colorless immune cell found in the circulation. These include lymphocytes, macrophages, granulocytes, and monocytes.

 

X

Y

Z

Zeiosis Violent membrane blebbing by a cell undergoing apoptosis. Watch zeiosis in an apoptotic neutrophil.

Zygote Fertilized egg that can develop into a new individual. The product from the fusion of a female and male gamete.